Dutch settle New Amsterdam (1625)
 
Columbus reaches the Americas (1492) Hispaniola, the first Spanish settlement (1493) Cabot reaches Newfoundland (1497) Columbus reaches South America (1498) First slaves transported to Latin America (c 1510) Spanish colonization of Mexico (1519-1535) Magellan crosses the Pacific (1520) Portuguese colonization of Brazil (1530-1567) Spanish colonization of Peru, Chile and Argentina (1532-1553) Silver mining begins (1545) Portuguese begin sugar cultivation in Brazil (c 1560) First permanent English settlement in America (1607) French colonists found Quebec (1608) First slaves transported to North America (1619)
 
The New WorldDutch settle New Amsterdam (1625)